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The Oxford African American Studies Center combines the authority of carefully edited reference works with sophisticated technology to create the most comprehensive collection of scholarship available online to focus on the lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture.
The Oxford African American Studies Center provides students, scholars and librarians with more than 10, articles by top scholars in the field. Over 2, images, more than primary sources with specially written commentaries, and nearly maps have been collected to enhance this reference content.
More than charts and tables offer information on everything from demographics to government and politics to business and labor to education and the arts. One of the most celebrated authors in the United States, Angelou wrote with an honesty and grace that captured the specificity of growing up a young black girl in the rural South.
Born Marguerite Johnson in St. Louis, Missourito Bailey, a doorman and naval dietician, and Vivian, a registered nurse, professional gambler, and rooming house and bar owner, Angelou spent her early years in Long Beach, California. When she was three, her parents divorced, and she and her four-year-old brother, Bailey Jr.
Owner of the only general store in town, Annie Henderson was a respected and successful businesswoman. During the Great Depression, she provided financial support for several black and white members of the community. In Angelou and Bailey were sent to St. Louis to live with their mother. Urban city life proved to be a revelatory experience for Angelou.
She needed to acclimate herself not only to the bustling metropolis of St. Louis, but also to her maternal family, most importantly her own mother. Or the climbing, falling colors of a rainbow…. Louis was marked by the most traumatic experience of her life. In response to this experience, Angelou refused to speak for several years. In the hopes that change and familiarity would be good for Angelou, she and her brother were sent back to Stamps. Mrs Flowers encouraged Angelou to discover the power of the written word coupled with the spoken voice to effect change.
The children moved to San Francisco. Once again, Angelou advanced in school, and she won a scholarship to attend evening classes at the California Labor School. Studying drama and dance, Angelou began to participate in the art forms that she would soon use to launch her first professional career. The lessons learned during her time with these children would serve as a guiding principle in how she lived her life in later years. The lack of criticism evidenced by our ad hoc community influenced me, and set a tone of tolerance for my life.
After launching what seemed to be a one-woman campaign to end the discriminatory hiring practices of the trolley cars in San Francisco, Angelou became the first black streetcar conductor in the city. At the age of sixteen, Angelou became pregnant and gave birth to her son, Clyde Bailey Johnson, nicknamed Guy. For the next several years, Angelou worked as a cook, a cocktail waitress, a dancer, a dishwasher, a barmaid, a madam, and a prostitute. After a brief trip back to Stamps, Angelou returned to live with her mother in California. In she married Tosh Angelos, an ex-sailor of Greek origin.
Her performances attracted the attention of producers of the touring company of Porgy and Bessthe first all-black opera, written by George Gershwin. From toAngelou appeared in a European tour of the opera, which was sponsored by the United States Department of State.
Her travels were cut short, however, when she received word that her son had contracted an incurable skin disease.
Angelou returned to the States. In Angelou and Guy moved to Brooklyn, and she rediscovered her passion for writing. The nation was in a time of critical change. African Americans were demanding an end to segregation and other Jim Crow practices. Not only was Angelou perfecting her writing, but also her introduction to these individuals sparked in her a willingness and need to participate more actively in the civil rights movement. In that year, the play won an Obie Award. She served as associate editor of the Arab Observer, an English-language news weekly.
She also worked as a features editor for the African Review and as a journalist at the Ghanaian Times. Angelou returned to the United States in the mids. Her career as a writer began to flourish. In she wrote and narrated Black, Blues, Blacka ten-part series for National Educational Television highlighting the role of African culture in America.
Having been encouraged by her friend the author James Baldwin to write an autobiography, Angelou first gained notice in as the author of I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. She emerged during a time when writing by black women proliferated. The second volume of her autobiography, Gather Together in My Namewas published in Angelou was experimenting with the autobiographical form, but also with poetry. Angelou wrote several such books and contributed to others. None of her works has received more critical attention, however, than her first autobiographical endeavor. Beginning in the s she participated in numerous theater and film productions.
In she became the first black woman to have an original screenplay produced, Georgia, Georgia. In she appeared in the Broadway show, Look Awayand earned a Tony nomination. In she helped adapt her seminal autobiography for a television movie. She wrote the poetry for and starred in the motion picture Poetic Justice in In she starred in How to Make an American Quilt.
We will only use your personal information to register you for OUPblog articles. Or subscribe to articles in the subject area by or RSS. This was just what i needed to know about her educational endeavors so this was very helpful i will recomend this web sight. I love and also recited her poem, Still I Rise.
And guess what? I could tell that she has a very harsh life and admired her how she get through it Also being a doctor, writer, and having other jobs at the same time. She is wise, I wish I could be one of her one day. Oxford African American Studies Center The Oxford African American Studies Center combines the authority of carefully edited reference works with sophisticated technology to create the most comprehensive collection of scholarship available online to focus on the lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture.
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Beautiful images of South Bank Centre’s brilliant exhibition Phenomenal Women: Portraits of UK Black Female Professors